If I said that you could get “free” money simply by owning some
stocks, would that surprise you? Effectively, that is what
dividends are – for owning a piece of a company and holding shares
in it, management also shares profits with you by paying out
dividends. So, what’s my point?
Well when I first started investing I didn’t, like many people, realise that buying stocks is not only about increasing the value of your initial investment. Naturally, I just wanted to multiply my money as quickly as possible! But it was a foolish and short-sighted way to approach it.
Part of identifying successful stocks is also about having access to the dividends that companies pay. Although a company’s share price can go up (or down) in value, the company’s dividend policy can also have a significant influence on its fortunes.
Dividends can generally signal confidence in the company’s prospects by management. So if you’re thinking of a company’s stock, you may want to research on whether it pays dividends. Here, I give you a list of five reasons why I think this is advisable.
1. Dividends make up a large part of long-term returns
It is a little-known fact that over the long term, dividends
actually make up a large part of the total returns that
shareholders receive from their individual stock investments.
Total returns take into account what would happen if you had
reinvested your dividends into the stock every time you received
Companies that manage to grow their annual dividends over time are generally perceived by investors to be of better quality, with strong financial fundamentals, versus those that do not pay a dividend or pay a minimal one.
For example, in Asia ex Japan dividends make up a significant amount of total longer term returns.
So if you’re investing for the long term, say your retirement, then you may wish to factor in dividends as part of your decision-making process when choosing what to invest in.
2. Dividends can provide an additional source of income
For most people, the salary from their job is their sole income –
this used to be the case for me as well. Referring back to what I
said at the beginning, dividends can potentially be an extra
source of income. As the great investor Benjamin Graham (and
mentor of famed investor Warren Buffett) once said:
“Never depend on a single income. Make investment to create a second source”
As different societies age at a faster rate though, age-related expenses also increase. It’s also widely-known that older investors are infinitely more keen on dividend-paying stocks (I wonder how many Uncles and Aunties here in Singapore invest in dividend stalwarts such as DBS (SGX: D05) and Singtel (SGX: Z74))!
No one can be too young to start though. Investing for dividends can be a smart way of helping you build up multiple streams of income over time.
Top 5 Singapore companies by dividend yield*
The beauty of dividends is that they can also grow so as the
company’s profits grow over time, there may be a good chance that
the total dividend paid each year may also increase.
It would also be useful to study the track record of the company’s dividends to determine whether these dividend payments are sustainable, and likely to grow, in the future. Logically speaking, it would not make much sense to buy a company that has, say, a 9% dividend yield yet it keeps cutting its dividend every year.
For me, I usually research this by visiting the “Investor Relations” page of the company’s website or by scrolling through its financial reports to see its track record.
3. Dividends can signal better corporate governance
While I mentioned earlier that the payment of dividends is often a
good indicator of the financial fundamentals of a company, the
same is also true of the company’s management.
Generally, management which is willing to share the company’s profits with shareholders in the form of dividends usually means they take into consideration minority shareholders or the “man on the street” retail investor (i.e. you and me).
And it’s a common misperception that companies in developed markets pay better dividends. According to the Janus Henderson Global Dividend Index, Asia Pacific ex Japan companies actually paid out a record total of US$139.9 billion in dividends in 2017 – an 18.8% increase on 2016.
Although this was partially boosted by special dividends in Hong Kong and Singapore, underlying growth was still a healthy 8.6%.
Compare this to the US, where payouts rose 6.3% in 2017 – all in the midst of US markets hitting new highs and companies posting record profits during the year. To me, that doesn’t seem like they’re willing to share their profits as much with shareholders!
4. Dividends can support stock prices during market volatility
Dividend stocks are generally viewed as more “safe” than other
stocks when the stock market declines. This is because as long as
the company is earning enough money to pay dividends, you will
receive a payout. As a result, the stock prices of high dividend
stocks do not tend to suffer as much as others in a down market.
This is because if the “dividend yield” – in effect the amount you receive in dividends as a percentage of the stock price – is attractive enough then buyers will be drawn back into the stock.
5. Dividends make your money work for you
Making your money work for you is one of the key appeals of
dividends. Compare this to putting your money into a deposit
savings account. For example, a typical Singapore bank will more
often than not offer you a measly interest rate for your money.
Say you put S$100,000 into a 12-month fixed deposit account and left it untouched for a year, you would earn around S$380 in interest after one year. That’s because, according to the Monetary Authority of Singapore, the average 12-month fixed deposit rate for banks in Singapore is only 0.38%.
Meanwhile, stocks that pay dividends have both the income aspect AND the potential for capital appreciation – basically what savings deposits cannot offer.
Dividends and diversification
In summary though, it’s wise to remember that dividend stocks should be just one part of your portfolio. But before investing in a stock you would be remiss not to consider what dividends the company pays out.
by Tim Phillips, English Editor @ FIGS
31 Aug 2018
(Please note that all views expressed in this article are solely my own and do not represent the opinions of FIGS or its related companies)
The information contained in the FIGS Blog is for your general information only and is not meant to constitute professional and/or financial advice. Please note that the use of the FIGS Blog is subject to the Disclaimers.